Often, this sense of entitlement is supported by special arrangements or exceptions to rules granted to highly valued but "temperamental" MIS employees. This pathway Computers insiders threat the following combination of events or "steps" which in some cases led to severe damage to national security: We also know that predisposing traits and situational factors are only part of the problem.
The potential damage an insider can now commit has also been increased within the last decade by two related trends in information systems -- consolidation and, for all intents and purposes, the elimination of the need-to-know principle.
Impact of Intervention Nevertheless, there are also mitigating forces that appear to reduce the likelihood of committing such acts or defuse a specific threatening situation. A major international energy company recently discovered a logic bomb in software created by a contracted employee.
For these latter employees, their weak bond to the organization can lead to tensions in the workplace. Neither individual had disclosed their criminal history or had been subject to background checks sufficient to discover their past activities.
They report preferring the predictability and structure of work with computers to the lack of predictability and frustrations of relationships with others. What is reported appears to be only the tip of the iceberg.
It also emphasizes the complex issues of loyalty in an international environment. Finally, just as in organizations outside the critical infrastructure, the range of potential perpetrators and their motivations is broad. They are significantly more likely to be independent, self-motivated, aggressive loners, who make poor team players and feel entitled to be a law onto themselves.
Reports of past research and our own findings based on interviews conducted so far, lead to the conclusion that there are several characteristics which, when found together, increase this vulnerability toward illegal or destructive behavior.
Former Employees Former employees include individuals who no longer work at an organization but retain access to information resources directly -- through "backdoors" -- or indirectly through former associates.
At the regional headquarters of an international energy company, an MIS contractor effectively "captures" and closes off the UNIX-based telephonic switching system for the entire complex.
Correspondingly, the on-line relationships of these individuals can displace affections and loyalties from real world ties. Whether the insider is recruited directly, indirectly e. A sense of entitlement, associated with the narcissistic personality, refers to the belief that one is special and owed corresponding recognition, privilege or exceptions from normal expectations.
Within the spectrum of "insiders," information technology specialists may serve as regular full-time or part-time staff employees, contractors, consultants or temporary workers temps. The results identified an interaction of factors, none of which alone was sufficient to result in an act of espionage.
Investigators discover that the contractor had been notified a week earlier that he was being terminated in part for chronic tardiness. This lack of empathy is a hallmark of individuals with narcissistic and anti-social personalities, and is consistent with the traits of reduced loyalty and ethical flexibility.
The software was then transferred to a Chinese company, Beijing Machinery. It is essential, however, that those who might intervene recognize and respond to significant warning signs and symptoms. They also tend to be less socially skilled and more isolated than are their peers.
Additional investigation reveals that he is the second convicted hacker hired at this site. Noting the high incidence of anger and alienation in these computer science students, Coldwell labeled it "revenge syndrome. Introversion According to a study by Professor Kym Pocius, the psychological testing of over fifteen hundred computer programmers, systems analysts, programmer trainees, and computer science students in seven separate studies consistently found these groups to be "overwhelmingly represented by introverts.
Project Slammer mental health professionals conducted extensive interviews and formal psychological assessments with convicted perpetrators, most of whom were insiders. An earlier case involved a former member of the Legion of Doom who had been serving as a member of a corporate information security team.
Highest on the list of mitigating factors is effective intervention by supervisors, co-workers, family members and close friends.
Research in Progress In response to the increasing recognition of the dangers posed by the insider threat to information systems, Political Psychology Associates, Ltd. Thus employers actually reinforce this belief, up the ante, and contribute to what often becomes an inevitable crisis.
He planted a "logic bomb" in the system designed to erase critical data after he resigned. Anticipating conflict with an employer, or even termination, these perpetrators may prepare backdoor access to the computer system, alternative passwords, or simply stockpile proprietary data for later use.
Their reported vulnerability to ethical "flexibility," reduced loyalty to their employers, feelings of entitlement, anger at authority and lack of empathy probably reduces inhibitions against potentially damaging acts.Nov 28, · From the broad array of employees who have access to computers, we are focusing on the information technology specialists who design, maintain or manage critical information systems.
However, we must better understand the motivations, psychological makeup, and danger signals associated with those insiders who do pose.
Computer System Sabotage in Critical Infrastructure Sectors Michelle Keeney, J.D., Ph.D. Dawn Cappelli Insider Threat Study: Computer System Sabotage in Critical Infrastructure Sectors 2 Table of Contents Insiders pose a. While attacks on computers by outside intruders are more publicized, attacks perpetrated by insiders are very common and often more damaging.
Insiders represent the greatest threat to computer. How serious is the threat coming from inside organizations? According to the US State of Cybercrime Survey, over 50% of participating organizations experienced an insider incident in insiders and the ways to mitigate them.
Types of Insiders. can replicate on infected computers or removable devices. Several factors contribute to m alicious insiders and their use of malicious c ode: Cybersecurity – The Insider Threat Student Guide.
Cybersecurity - The Insider Threat. Insider vs. Outsider Data Security Threats: What’s the Greater Risk? by Nena Giandomenico & Juliana de Groot on Friday April 6, a blog about helping you solve common problems related to computers and digital devices, In a B2B business the greater threat are insiders.
The greatest insider threat in this situation depends on a .Download