The various stages in the process of criminal investigation

In India, since the burden of proof is on the prosecution the defense, in general, is not required to give any defense evidence. Section of Cr. Another way of expressing the funnel effect is to say that there are many more suspects and defendants than inmates.

Not all jurisdictions have grand juries A felony case is usually commenced by grand jury indictment or a preliminary hearing, which is discussed below. This is a good time to also take overall photos of the scene. The Criminal Investigation Process During the criminal process, you can expect: How Long Does a Grand Jury Have to Indict LHA Typically if the prosecutor goes to a grand jury and asks for a decision what criminal charges should be filed again you, then that is an indictment.

Most reports contain a variety of information that may be helpful in imposing sentence: First, the court may impose sentence, which may include imprisonment or some other punishment, such as probation, community service or a treatment program.

This may be nothing more that walking around the exterior of the structure to see if any obvious evidence is apparent. A defendant may enter a plea bargain at the arraignment. The most common pleas are guilty and not guilty.

If the defense motion is denied, closing arguments are presented by each side; the order of these is jurisdiction-specific. Arrest — The police cannot arrest whoever they want, whenever they want.

Four Stages Of Criminal Justice Process

In a warrant case, the charges should be framed in writing. If the jurisdiction is one in which the prosecuting attorney becomes involved pre-arrest, the prosecuting attorney generally decides whether and what charges to file; only after such determination does an arrest take place.

Warrant Cases According to Section 2 x of Code of Criminal Procedure, a warrant case is one which relates to offenses punishable with death, imprisonment for life or imprisonment for a term exceeding two years. A post-conviction motion may be brought by the defendant. The defendant has no right to be present at grand jury proceedings and no right to have a defense attorney represent him or her before the grand jury.

As criminal justice scholar Joel Samaha notes, the U. There are a number of avenues to seek appellate review in a criminal case but each is specifically set forth in law and some only attach to the defendant or the state, leaving the victim with fewer remedies.

Indian Penal Code, 1. Later, if the magistrate is satisfied that the offense is punishable for more than two years, he sends the case to the sessions court for trial.

Criminal Investigation Process

Meet the Director; Mission and U. The rough sketch should contain no more or no less than the final, detailed sketch. This right to appeal is also extended to the accused.

Questioning — You may be questioned by the police before or after your arrest. An opportunity is given to the accused in a case where he is not being acquitted to produce so as to defend his case.

Probable cause is the legal requirement for an arrest.

Steps In The Federal Criminal Process

A plea agreement is an agreement that the defendant will plead guilty to the original charge, or to another charge, in return for a concession from the prosecutor. Titles of people involved — State cases are brought by prosecutors or district attorneys; federal cases are brought by United States Attorneys.

The sentence is the sole discretion of the judge. Once a crime occurs, law enforcement officials work through a relatively predetermined criminal process. Conduct a Detailed Search Go over every square inch of the scene in an attempt to locate even the smallest particle of evidence.

The defense may then again move for an acquittal. Many crime scenes warrant the use of an evidence vacuum in the scene to collect any potential microparticle evidence such as hair and fibers.Once a crime occurs, law enforcement officials work through a relatively predetermined criminal process.

While every case has its own facts and nuances, the journey through the criminal justice system is similar for everyone. The greatest variation comes in the order of various stages, including the crime scene investigation, evidence gathering.

To help federal crime victims better understand how the federal criminal justice system works, this page briefly describes common steps taken in the investigation and prosecution of a federal crime.

Four Stages Of Criminal Justice Process The Stages Of A Criminal Case – Crime And Punishment – You are at the beginning of what could become a long journey through the criminal justice system.

Steps In a Criminal Case Pretrial Proceedings The Circuit Court Judge may be called upon to resolve various pre-trial issues, Sentencing in Michigan varies with the crime and can be the most confusing part of the criminal process.

Most often, sentences are at the judge's discretion. The 10 Stages of a Criminal Case Steps Begin When Someone Is Arrested. Share Flipboard Email Print The trial itself usually has six important stages before a verdict is reached.

The final stage is right before the jury is sent to deliberate and decides on your guilt or innocence. Learn About the Jury Trial Process in a Criminal Case.

Criminal prosecution develops in a series of stages, beginning with an arrest and ending at a point before, during or after trial. The majority of criminal cases terminate when a criminal defendant accepts a plea bargain offered by the prosecution.

In a plea bargain, the defendant chooses to plead.

The various stages in the process of criminal investigation
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